1864 Confederate Furlough - After Battle of Nashville Private Leonard C. Pratt to Bibb County, Alabama

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1864 Confederate Furlough - After Battle of Nashville Private Leonard C. Pratt to Bibb County, Alabama


Item No. SQ4105190

Offered here is an interesting late 1864 Confederate pass that allowed Private Leonard C. Pratt to travel to his home in Bibb County, Alabama, on furlough. The order is signed N. N. Clements, but the pass was actually written and signed by Lieutenant William HesterColonel Newton Nash Clements’s adjutant (based on another pass written in the same hand and signed in Hester’s name).

Pratt is listed as having been a member of the 8th Alabama Cavalry, part of Forrest’s Cavalry. He was third son of Absalom Pratt (the Absalom Pratt House at Brierfield Ironworks is an Alabama State Historic Site). Clements and Hester were members of the 50th Alabama Infantry, which was wrecked a month earlier at Franklin and Nashville. It is unclear how Pratt became part of Clements’s command, though Pratt’s home in Bibb County was relatively close to Tuscaloosa, where the pass originated. The reverse side of this pass indicates that Clements had been authorized to raise a regiment, so in the wake of Nashville it is possible Clements was organizing a new cavalry regiment, of which Pratt was a part.

The pass reads, in full:

Hd. Qrs. Clements Regt.
Cavalry. Tuscaloosa Ala.
Dec. 29th 1864

Private L.C. Pratt of my Regt of Cavalry is hereby permitted to visit his home in Bibb county Ala. he having receive a furlough until the 25th January 1865, when he will report to me at Tuscaloosa or wherever this command may then be, or be he considered as a deserter.

By order of
N. N. Clements
Colonel Cmding Regt.

The reverse reads:

I certify that Col Clements has authority to raise a Regt and that Private L.C. Pratt is a member of his command regularly mustered.

RL Harris
Lt & [?] Officer

Jan 3rd 1865

AB Hardcastle
Capt and Pvst

The pass was written on a fragment of stationery measuring about 7 3/4” x 5”. It is in very good condition. Minor foxing and toning. Light wear to edges and corners except where the fragment was torn from the larger sheet by Hester. Creases where originally folded.

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