1864 Shenandoah Campaign Letter - Lt. Col. Cornelius W. Tolles to Col. Oliver Edwards at Winchester - Written Days Before Tolles was Mortally Wounded by Mosby's Men

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1864 Shenandoah Campaign Letter - Lt. Col. Cornelius W. Tolles to Col. Oliver Edwards at Winchester - Written Days Before Tolles was Mortally Wounded by Mosby's Men

189.99

Item No. 5813092

Offered here is an interesting Civil War letter written during the Shenandoah Valley Campaign of 1864. It was written on October 4, just weeks after the Battle of Third Winchester, and days before Sheridan’s victory at the Battle of Cedar Creek. The letter is signed by Lieutenant Colonel Cornelius W. Tolles, Chief Quartermaster for Sheridan’s Army of the Shenandoah, who would be wounded in an attack led by Captain A. E. Richards of Mosby’s Command just seven days later on October 11 near Middletown, and would die of his wounds on November 8. Tolles wrote the letter to Colonel Oliver Edwards, a 6th Corps brigade commander in charge of federal forces at Winchester, Virginia. In the letter, Tolles coordinates the transfer of supplies between Martinsburg and Winchester. It reads, in full:

Office Chief Quartermaster
Middle Military Division
Martinsburg, W. Va. Oct 4th 1864

Colonel.
A train from the front is due at Winchester today or tomorrow. Please stop it at Winchester, unless it has different orders than merely to come to Martinsburg and load, as I shall send a train to the front tomorrow, and also One hundred and fifty (150) wagons of rations, nearly One hundred (100) of forage and some twenty (20) with clothing to Winchester. The stuff can be transferred at Winchester and thus save the journey here.

I am Colonel Very Respectfully
Your Obd’t. Servant
C. W. Toller
Lt. Col. and Chief Quartermaster
Mid. Mil. Division

Colonel Edwards
Commanding Post
Winchester Va

Docketed briefly on reverse.

The letter was written on the first page of a four-page stationery sheet measuring about 7 3/4” x 9 3/4”. It is in excellent condition with very little wear to edges and corners. Very light toning. Creased where originally folded.

Further on the wounding of Tolles, General Seward wrote to General Stevenson on October 12, “Captain Alexander, assistant quartermaster, General Torbert’s staff, just from the front, reports that Lieutenant-Colonel Tolles, chief quartermaster, and Dr. Ohlenschlager, with an escort of 25 men, who started from Winchester for the front yesterday morning, were attacked by a party of guerrillas, various reported from 50 to 100, three miles this side of Middletown. Colonel Tolles and Dr. Ohlenschlager were both mortally wounded, the former in the head and the latter in the bowels; last report no hopes of their recovery. Four of the escort were killed and 5 or 6 wounded. Lieutenant Colonel Tolles and Dr. Ohlenschlager were taken to General Sheridan’s headquarters, which are now located one mile this side of Cedar Creek.”

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