Early 1861 Order of Battle of Infantry & Artillery Companies in 4th Brigade South Carolina Militia, Manning Forts in Charleston

doc-list-of-south-carolina-militia-companies4.jpg
doc-list-of-south-carolina-militia-companies.jpg
doc-list-of-south-carolina-militia-companies1.jpg
doc-list-of-south-carolina-militia-companies2.jpg
doc-list-of-south-carolina-militia-companies3.jpg
doc-list-of-south-carolina-militia-companies4.jpg
doc-list-of-south-carolina-militia-companies.jpg
doc-list-of-south-carolina-militia-companies1.jpg
doc-list-of-south-carolina-militia-companies2.jpg
doc-list-of-south-carolina-militia-companies3.jpg

Early 1861 Order of Battle of Infantry & Artillery Companies in 4th Brigade South Carolina Militia, Manning Forts in Charleston

550.00

Item No. 2624095

A fascinating order of battle from January 1861 listing the various companies making up the 4th Brigade South Carolina Militia. With the secession vote having come only the previous month, these volunteer companies manned the forts and batteries in Charleston Harbor. The brigade was the largest organized body of militia in the state and was led by Brigadier General James Simons (unnamed in the document). It consisted of the 17th Regiment South Carolina Militia commanded by Colonel John Cunningham, the 1st Regiment of Artillery under Colonel E. H. Locke, and the 1st Regiment of Rifles commanded by Colonel Johnston Pettigrew. Where company strengths were available they were included at various dates, as companies rotated on and off duty at several posts including the former U.S. Arsenal, Morris Island, Fort Johnson, Fort Moultrie, and Castle Pinckney. Many of the officers named went on to hold commissions in the Confederate service in the 1st South Carolina Rifles (Orr’s), the 1st South Carolina Infantry, and the 27th South Carolina Infantry. The order of battle was written on a total of four pages, spread across two 7 3/4” x 9 3/4” bifolium stationery sheets. It is in excellent condition with even toning, light foxing, and a couple of very minor holes at a couple of the folds.

The full transcript follows:

Volunteer Companies Composing the 4th Brigade South Carolina Militia

17th Regiment, Col. [John] Cunningham, is composed of the following companies: viz:
1. Irish Volunteers Capt. [Edward] McGrath privates
2. Palmetto Guards Capt. [Thomas W.] Middleton 100 privates
3. German Fusiliers Capt. [Samuel] Lord 80 privates
4. Cadet Riflemen Capt. [W. S.] Elliott 70 privates
5. Charleston Riflemen Capt. [Joseph] Johnson privates
6. Montgomery Guards Capt. [James] Connor 100 privates
7. Union Light Infantry Capt. [David] Ramsay 50 privates
8. Sumter Guards Capt. [John] Russell 100 privates
9. Richardson Guards Capt. [J. M.] Pundt privates
10. Calhoun Guards Capt. [John] Fraser privates

1st Regiment of Artillery, Col. [E. H.] Locke
1. Marion Artillery Capt. [J. Gadsden] King privates
2. La Fayette Artillery Capt. [J. J.] Pope privates
3. Washington Artillery Capt. [George H.] Walter privates
4. German Artillery Company A Capt. [Caston] Norhden privates
5. German Artillery Company B Capt. [Heinrich] Harms privates
6. Vigilant Rifles Capt. [Samuel Y.] Tupper privates
7. Rutledge Mounted Riflemen Capt. [A. M.] Huger privates

1st Regiment of Rifles, Col. [J. Johnston] Pettigrew
1. Palmetto Riflemen Capt. [Alexander] Melchers privates
2. Meagher Guards Capt. [Edward] McCrady privates
3. Moutrie Guards Capt. [Barnwell W.] Palmer privates
4. German Riflemen Capt. [Jacob] Small privates
5. Washington Light Infantry Capt. [C. H.] Simonton privates
6. Carolina Light Infantry Capt. [Gillard] Pinckney privates
7. Charleson Zouave Cadets Lieut. [Charles E.] Chichester privates

Report of Col. [John] Cunningham Jan 10th 1861 showing the state of his Regiment in the City
Cadet Riflemen Capt. W. S. Elliott 70 men
Germen Fusiliers Capt. Saml. Lord 80 men
Union Light Infantry Capt. David Ramsay 50 men
Montgomery Guards Capt. James Connor 100 men
Sumter Guards Capt. John Russell 100 men
The latter Company on duty at the late U.S. Arsenal.

Return of Col. [E. H.] Locke January 10th 1861 showing the state of his Regt in the City
Marion Artillery Capt. [J. Gadsden] King 18 men
The rest at different posts in the harbor

[Beginning of second sheet]

Report of Col. [John] Cunningham as to the state of his Regiment - Jan 22nd 1861
Irish Volunteers Capt. Ed[ward] McGrath 100 men
Palmetto Guards Capt. Thos. Middleton Jr. 100 men
Montgomery Guards Capt. James Conner 90 men
The above companies are stationed at Morris Island under order from War Department.

Sumter Guards Capt. John Russell 80 men
at late U.S. Arsenal, have been on duty there for the past two weeks, to be relieved on 23rd by
Calhoun Guards Capt. J. B. Fraser 64 men

Richardson Guards Capt. John Pundt 100 men
German Fusiliers Capt. Sam Lord 65 men
Cadet Riflemen Capt. W. S. Elliott 65 men
Union Light Infantry Capt. David Ramsay 50 men
have furnished the night detachment for the past five nights
Charleston Riflemen Capt. Jos. Johnson men
after weeks of active service at Fort Johnson and elsewhere, were relieved a few days ago.

Report of Adjt. Genl. [States Rights] Gist relative to Forces on duty out of Charleston: Jan 10th 1861

At Fort Johnson
Charleston Riflemen - 57 men
Artillerists - 25 men
82 men

Castle Pinckney
Washington Light Infantry - 68 men
Carolina Light Infantry - 49 men
Meagher Guards - 41 men
Marion Artillery - 24 men
German Artillery - 8 men
190 men

Fort Morris
German Riflemen - 75 men
Vigilant Rifles - 81 men
Corps Cadets - 45 men
Zouave Cadets - 45 men
246 men

Grand Total at Post 283 men

Fort Moultrie
Columbia Artillery - 86 men
Washington Artillery - 46 men
132 men

Add To Cart